Tag Archives: Universalism

Sunday Terminology: Annihilationism


Annihilationism: The word is from the Latin nihil, “nothing,” and expresses the position of those who hold that some, if not all, human souls will cease to exist after death. As observed by Warfield, this point of view may take three main forms: (1) that all human beings inevitably cease to exist altogether at death (materialist); (2) that, while human beings are naturally mortal, God imparts to the redeemed the gift of immortality and allows the rest of humanity to sink into nothingness (conditional immortality); (3) that man, being created immortal, fulfills his destiny in salvation, while the reprobates fall into nonexistence either through a direct act of God or through the corrosive effect of evil (annihilationism proper). The distinction between conditionalism and annihilationism, as indicated above, is frequently not observed, and these two terms are commonly used as practical synonyms. A fourth form of advocacy of the ultimate extinction of evil is the view that God will finally redeem all rational beings (universalism). Over against all the above positions, historic orthodoxy has always maintained both that human souls will eternally endure and that their destiny is irrevocably sealed at death.[1]

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[1] Walter A. Elwell, Evangelical dictionary of theology (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1984), 50. Print.

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Michael Licona: “Is Jesus the Only Way?”


Dr. Mike Licona gives talk on the whole issues of heaven and hell; who goes there and how they go there alongside many ways versus One Way. He addresses some of Rob Bell’s comments, raised in his book Love Wins.

In this audio, Licona covers 3 Major Positions :

(1) Universalism – everyone will be saved; no one will be lost, and eventually go to heaven apart from their faith in Jesus Christ.

(2) Exclusivism – Jesus is the Only Way to heaven and apart from faith in Jesus, there is no hope and other way for any human being to go to heaven.

(3) Inclusivism – Jesus is the only God, but he can save people from all faith. He keeps all possibilities open to save them when they sincerely following a god and morally living good lives. Therefore, Jesus is not particular whom you believe and follow. So people of all faith end up going to heaven as long as they live sincere and moral lives.

4 Tough Questions:

(1) What about those who never heard the Gospel?

(2) What about babies who died before they came to the Saving Knowledge of Christ or mentally handicapped?

(3) What about sincere and good person who lived moral life?

(4) What about being tolerant to other people and live life in harmony?

For Audio mp3, click here (42:52 min.)

Sunday Terminology: Universalism


Universalism: The belief that all persons will eventually be saved and thus that no one will be eternally lost. Some Universalists hold that all will be saved because of the work of Christ, but some deny the unique deity of Christ and necessity of his work for salvation in favor of a pluralistic view that sees the world’s religions as equally valid. Universalism should not be confused with the view that it is possible that some who do not have conscious faith in Christ in this life may be saved. It also should be distinguished from annihilationism, which holds that those who are eternally lost cease to exist altogether.[1]


[1] C.Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002), p. 119.