Tag Archives: Ultimate Reality

Sunday Terminology: Immaterialism


Immaterialism: Berkeley’s philosophical theory, known as “Immaterialism” is a notion that everything we perceive is an idea that belongs to minds and cannot have an existence independent of minds. It denies the existence of matter or material substance. The summary of his theory in motto “esse est percipi”  or “To be is to be perceived”. Basically, what we have is only ideas in the mind; and there are no material objects. Therefore, only ideas that we perceive in the mind are real.

Berkeley also argued for Idealism – a concept that mind constitutes the Ultimate Reality. Since an idea depends on mind and has no independent existence of its own, any thing that exists depends on how it is being perceived. And mind is the single substance that has its independent existence and infinite in nature. Thus, it is God.

Opposing Worldview: Buddhism in Brief


Buddhist Worldview:

Unlike Hinduism, the worldview of Buddhism derives from Sidhartha Gautama. The belief system that Siddhartha taught after his enlightenment is called Buddhism. We do not have any hints that trace Buddha’s original teaching about the origin of the universe. Even Anand Bhikkshu and other close attendants and disciples of Buddha had not recorded the particular teaching of Buddha on creation in Sutta Pitak which is considered as Buddha’s sermons. Buddhism has two main forms which are known as (i) Theravada school that represents the conservative teaching of Buddha and (ii) Mahayana – a liberal school. Continue reading Opposing Worldview: Buddhism in Brief