Tag Archives: Pantheism

Sabbatum Excerpt: God’s Objective Existence Independent And Error of Pantheism

Now, by our definition also God is real. He is real in the absolute and final sense that nothing else is. All other reality is contingent upon His. The great Reality is God who is the Author of that lower and dependent reality which makes up the sum of created things, including ourselves. God has objective existence independent of and apart from any notions which we may have concerning Him. The worshipping heart does not create its Object. It finds Him here when it wakes from its moral slumber in the morning of its regeneration.

Pantheism’s error is too palpable to deceive anyone. It is that God is the sum of all created things. Nature and God are one, so that whoever touches a leaf or a stone touches God. That is of course to degrade the glory of the incorruptible Deity and, in an effort to make all things divine, banish all divinity from the world entirely.

Tozer, A. W. (Aiden Wilson) (2011-03-24). The Pursuit of God (p. 33, 36). Kindle Edition.

Sunday Terminology: Polytheism

Polytheism: The English equivalent of the Greek word meaning πολυς and θεος is, many god(s).  This is the belief system that teaches there are more than one God. A plurality of distinct and separate deities or a pantheon of gods and goddesses exists. However, polytheists do not necessarily worship all deities equally, but they tend to particularize one god as a main god over many other gods and goddesses. In this sense, they can be more Henotheists, differentiating one deity as the main one for worshiping. “Polytheism is distinguished from theism, also called monotheism, on the basis of polytheism’s claim that divinity, while personal and distinguished from the universe, is many rather than one.”[1] It is also contrasted with pantheism, though these two doctrines are embraced side by side in the same religious traditions in the East. All other religious beliefs in the world are overwhelmingly polytheistic with the exception of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Hinduism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism in the East are characterized as polytheism.



[1] Walter A. Elwell, Evangelical dictionary of theology (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1984), 861. Print.

Sunday Terminology: Panentheism

Panentheism comes from Greek words Pan [Παν] meaning- all (pl.en [εν]- in,  theos [θεος] – god. So, panentheism is a system of belief that asserts God is in the universe. This sounds more like pantheism; nevertheless, many differences lie in their worldview. Panentheists affirm that God is in all as contrary to pantheist view that God is all. Or “all in God” is pertaining to the entire universe that is in God. Thus, God and universe are ontologically two different entities. “They believe that God is in the world  much like a soul is in the body or a mind is in the brain. In other words, God has two aspects of existence: finite and infinite. The finite world is God’s body, and the infinite side is the immaterial aspect located beyond the world. Since the world changes, God changes also.” [1] Moreover, God in panentheism is considered as the necessity for the existence of the universe. Instead, the entire universe itself is the part of God, and some sort of eternal driving force is animating the universe. Therefore, God is greater than the universe.



[1] Norman Geisler and Joseph Holden, Living Loud: Defending your Faith (Nashville: Broadman and Holman Pub., 2002), 73. Print.

Paul’s Classical Apologetics on Mars Hill in Acts 17:22 – 34||Natural Theology Centered on the Sovereignty of God||

Paul’s Classical Apologetics on Mars Hill in Acts 17:22 – 34

Natural Theology Centered on the Sovereignty of God


Acts 17:22 – 34 is a Paul’s sermon to the philosophers in Athens. In this passage, as Luke describes, Paul stands in the midst of Areopagus and delivers a remarkable sermon to Athenians. As we sum up the Paul’s Areopagus speech, instantly we notice that his basic message remained unchanged but his approach to Athenian audiences was changed from other speeches. He framed his message within the given cultural and philosophical paradigm that befitted his audiences. Although we are living past two millenniums after this poignant event in Athens, the psychological, methodological, and theological aspects of Paul’s message is still relevant as an evangelistic model to bring the Good News of Jesus Christ to pagan culture of our time. Continue reading Paul’s Classical Apologetics on Mars Hill in Acts 17:22 – 34||Natural Theology Centered on the Sovereignty of God||

Sunday Terminology: Theism

Theism: The term theism comes from Greek theos (Θεος) meaning God. The term refers to the belief that there is a God, or there are (many) gods who have direct or personal relationship to the universe or with human beings. Theism, in general, relates to the theory of the nature of God that is more agreeing to the most religious traditions. So, “the theistic conception of divinity can be polytheistic, that is, that there are many gods, or it can be monotheistic, that is, it can limit the conception of divinity to one God, as is the case in the Judeo-Christian-Islamic traditions”.[1] However, the term used, in particular, sense refers to the monotheistic nature of God as a person who is infinite in his power, knowledge and actively governing the universe.

[1] Popkin, Richard H., and Avrum Stroll. “Philosophy of Religion.” Philosophy Made Simple,. New York: Made Simple ; Distributed to the Book Trade by Garden City , Garden City, N.Y., 1993. 176. Print.