Tag Archives: Johannine Comma

Biblical Nuggets: Comma Johanneum


Comma Johanneum: A textual variant in 1 John that should be excluded from the text (Gk komma, “a piece, that which is cut off”). The disputed textual variant occurs in 1 John 5:7-8 (“There are three that testify in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. And there are three that testify on earth“) and was inserted by Erasmus into his Greek text. It was subsequently included in the King James Version. The words in italics above are not authentic and should be “cut off,” that is, not be included in the NT.[1]

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[1] Arthur G. Patzia; Anthony J. Petrotta. Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (pp. 26-27). Kindle Edition.

 

Comma Johanneum – A Critical Textual Evaluation of 1 John 5:7-8


by Satya Maharjan

1 John 5:5-12

5:7 For three are the ones testifying in the heavens: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit and these three are one.

5:8 And three are the ones testifying in {the} earth: the Spirit and the water and the blood, and {the} three 2in 3the 4one 1are.

Only the Textus Receptus contains namely the “Trinitarian Statement” [letters in bold in the verses 7 and 8]concerning “the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost (5:7),” and “And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood” (5:8). This infamous interpolation is known as Comma Johanneum or Johannine Comma. The word Comma derived from Greek work Komma, meaning a single clause or phrase with comma in Ancient Greek rhetoric.[1] It gives sense of series of additional words being inserted within the sentence. The infamous Comma was first introduced in the 16th century by humanist Desiderius Erasmus in his 3rd and later editions of the Greek New Testament Bible. The King James translation embraces the Comma subsequently claiming that they are also inspired Word of God.[2] However, internal and external evidence point to other way. Continue reading Comma Johanneum – A Critical Textual Evaluation of 1 John 5:7-8

Scripture Reading: 1 John 5:5-12


1 John 5:5-12 (Maharzan’s Literal Translation)

5 Who [and] is the one overcoming except the one believing that Jesus is the Son of God?  6 This is the one coming by water and blood, Jesus Christ, not by the water only but by the water and by the blood; and the Spirit is the one testifying, because the Spirit is the truth. 7 For three are the ones testifying, 8 the Spirit and the water and the blood, and {the} three 2in 3the 4one 1are. 9 If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater; because this is the testimony of God that he has testified concerning his Son. 10 The one believing in the Son of God has the testimony in himself, the one not believing {the} God has made him a liar, because he has not believed in the testimony which {the} God has testified concerning his Son. 11 And this is the testimony, that {the} God to us gave eternal life, and this {the} life is in his Son. 12 The one having the Son has {the} life; the one not having the Son of God does not have life.

Note:

5:7 For three are the ones testifying in the heavens: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit and these three are one.

5:8 And three are the ones testifying in {the} earth: the Spirit and the water and the blood, and {the} three 2in 3the 4one 1are.

[Old Manuscripts do not have the words in bold.  Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament and United Bible Societies’ third edition (NU-Text) and Majority Text from the traditional text omit those words in bold.]