Tag Archives: History

Friday Phraseology: Codex

Codex: The “book” form (as opposed to a scroll) of an ancient manuscript of either papyrus or vellum. The codex was first used by the Romans for business and legal transactions but was also utilized by the early church as they collected and bound



Arthur G. Patzia;Anthony J. Petrotta. Pocket Dictionary of Biblical Studies (p. 26). Kindle Edition.


Biblical Nuggets: Ancient Israelite House

Ancient Israelite HouseFor more than 600 years – circa 1500 BC – 500 BC – nearly all Israelite houses were built with the same distinctive layout. While surrounding cultures used other house plans, the Israelites even used this one for wealthy homes and public buildings. Its usage disappeared during the Babylonian exile [1].

[1] Hubbard, Shiloh, Elliot Ritzema, Corbin Watkins, and Lazarus Wentz with Logos Bible Software and KarBel Media. Faithlife Study Bible Infographics. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012.

Earthly Footsteps of The Man of Galilee: Rock upon Which Jesus Leaned

Rock upon which Jesus LeanedJust outside the Garden of Gethsemane and near the place where Christ is supposed to have uttered the last prayer is a large natural rock. Upon this bowlder, at the bottom of the Mount of Olives, Christ leaned for support and rest. There is no stronger support for this than tradition, but this is sufficient to draw pilgrims to it by the thousand.

We were here during the Greek Easter, and crowds of people were passing and repassing. We stood for a long time and watched them pass this rock. They were mainly members of the Greek Church from Russia, but coming near this stone they would bend over and kiss it with the deepest manifestation of affection. Often tears would fall on the rock along with the kisses of devotion. It was not a scene to witness without tears. It was an object lesson that appealed to the very depths of sentiment. It helped one to see what a hold Christ had upon the hearts of weary, burdened passengers from time to eternity.

The writer and the artist were here on the 28th of April, 1894. When the suggestion was made that a view of the rock would be interesting, the artist replied that it might be interesting from the sacred reverence with which the people regarded it, but as a picture he considered that it would not be attractive at all. So you see that it is only a small barren rock. It is not more than ten feet long and four feet high. Seen out of relation and association with the life and agony of Jesus Christ, it is without interest. Simply because Christ is thought to have seen it and leaned upon it when the weight and guilt of the world’s sin was breaking His heart, it is embalmed forever in the affections of the Christian world. All its significance comes from the fact that the loving and fainting Christ stood by it. What is true of this rock is true of this sacred land – it maintains its hold upon the human imagination because of its relation to Christ.


Vincent, John, James Lee and R. E. M. Bain. Earthly Footsteps of The Man of Galilee and the Journeys of His Apostles. New York, NY;St. Louis, MO: N. D. Thompson Publishing Co., 1894.

Sabbatum Excerpt: Sir William Ramsay on the Trustworthiness of Luke’s Gospel Account

William Ramsey, a noted historian and archaeologist, set out to prove that Luke’s history was filled with errors but emerged from his study surprised, saying, “Luke’s history is unsurpassed in trustworthiness.” He discovered that Cyrenius was twice governor of Syria, first when Christ was born and again at a later period. The cycle of census shows that the approximate one recorded by Luke was in 6-5 B.C., which is the commonly accepted date of Christ’s birth. [1]


[1] Erwin W. Lutzer, Seven Reasons Why You can Trust the Bible (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1998), 75.

Biblical Nuggets: Antiochene School

Antiochene School: The church at Antioch became the center for a famous and influential school in the early church era. The Antiochene school was set against the *Alexandrian school, which was championed by *Origen and dominated by the *allegorical approach to the interpretation of Scripture. In Antioch the exegete Diodore of Tarsus (died c. 394) mentored three productive students: Theodore of Mopsuestia, John *Chrysostom and Theodoret of Cyrrhus. The Antiochene approach was marked by attention to *textual criticism, historical context and the philological nuances of biblical texts. This is not to say that the higher sense of a text was ignored. The Antiochenes used the word theoria to speak of a deeper meaning, always founded upon the literal meaning, that guided the soul.


Nathan P. Feldmeth. Pocket Dictionary of Church History (Kindle Locations 115-119). Kindle Edition.


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