Literal Translation: Galatians 1:1-10
Apostleship/Paul’s Authority (1-2)
1 Paul, an apostle not from men nor through man but through Jesus Christ and God, the Father, the one raising Him from the dead 2 and you (all) the brother with me, to the churches of Galatia.
Paul’s Message (3-5) : Gospel Presentation
3 Grace to you (all) and peace from God, the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 the one giving Himself for our sins, so that He might deliver us from the present evil age according to the will of our God and the Father, 5 to whom be the glory forever and ever, amen.
A. Crisis in the Church – Perversion of the Gospel (6-7)
6 I wonder that you (all) are transferred/exchanged side quickly from your (pl.) calling by grace of Christ to another gospel in this manner 7 which is not another; except there are some disturbing you (all) and wanting to pervert the gospel of Christ.
B. Issues (8-9)
8 But even if we or an angel out of heaven would preach/announce a gospel opposed to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before and just now again I say if anyone to you preaches/announces a gospel opposed to the one you received, let him be accursed.
10 For now do I comply with men or the God or do I seek to please men? If I still pleased men, then I was not a bond-servant of Christ.
-See how words are ordered in the literal translation>
In this passage from Galatians 2:11-21- Paul presents his biblical and theological argument in response of Peter’s unacceptable behavior. Peter, the one who God had chosen to share the gospel to a gentile, Cornelius (cf. Acts 15) was behaving in a way that was against the true gospel. Earlier, Peter was eating with the Gentiles but as soon as the Judaizers or circumcision group arrived; he snuck out from the gentile group and joined the latter group. This behavior also led Barnabas astray.
Paul was astonished at his hypocrisy and opposes him though Peter was a senior apostle. Paul says that Peter was not adhering to the true gospel, and though he was a Jew did not behave like one and so was unqualified to ask Gentiles to live like the Jews. Paul then presents his argument. Certainly Paul and Peter were Jews by nature and not ‘sinners from among the Gentiles’ (v. 15b). Gentiles were called sinners because they were believed to be born outside the Law, yet Paul added that Jews like Gentiles were saved or justified by faith in Jesus Christ and not by works of the Law. By writing this, Paul does not mean to suggest that Jesus was a promoter of sin since Jesus had made possible for Gentiles, the people outside the Law to come to faith without the Law. Paul absolutely does not want people to think this way. Continue reading Galatians 2:11-21-Justified by Grace through Faith