Tag Archives: Christianity

James Sire on Worldviews


“A worldview is a commitment, a fundamental orientation of the heart, that can be expressed as a story or in a set of presuppositions (assumptions which may be true, partially true or entirely false) which we hold (consciously or subconsciously, consistently or inconsistently) about the basic constitution of reality, and that provides the foundation on which we live and move and have our being.”

James Sire, The Universe Next Door

Shaping Apologetics in a Skeptical Age


Zarathustra Shrugged – What Apologetics should Look Like in a Skeptical Age

Andy Crouch’s essay entitled “Zarathustra Shrugged: What Apologetics should look like in a skeptical age” is a section of his book, “Engaging Unbelief” was originally published in Christianity Today, September 3, 2001 (vol. 45, no.11), p. 101. This is my summarization and critique on his essay.

In the present day of secularism and humanism, Andy Crouch says in his essay, Zarathustra Shrugged that today’s skeptic young generation poses the challenging question to the postmodern era’s apologists. The author Crouch tells us how his friend ended his one-on-one conversation with the young skeptic without any fruition. Despite a hard-fought and well-presented intellectual argument, Crouch’s friend could not win the soul of young man. His skepticism remains firm as it was. His reaction toward the logical argument is the explicit example for shaping the apologetics in a skeptic age.

The main point of the essay is the reflection question of the present skeptical age that if Christianity is worth believing and how apologetics should look like. In his own words, Crouch says that “many people do not ask ‘Is Christianity true?’ but ‘Is it worth believing?’” In the past centuries, evangelicals made every effort to give the reason for the hope they have in Christ Jesus. Every reason of the evangelicals counter-attacked the modern atheist, Bertrand Russell who authored celebrated book ‘Why I am not Christian?’ The counterarguments from Christian apologetics of his time weakened the position of postmodernism and atheism. Continue reading Shaping Apologetics in a Skeptical Age

Why Apologetics?


Why Apologetics?

In harmony with the Great Commission in the Matthew 28:18-20, Your and my responsibility as a Christian is to make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to observe all that He (Jesus) commanded us. We are commissioned by the Living God to share the Good News of Kingdom of Heaven being come down to the earth. We are commanded to keep the heavenly law – Love God and love your neighbor – and make known Christ as our Savior.

You share the story of Passion of Christ to someone. You proclaim the truth from the Scripture, the inspired Word of God. He may or may not simply believe what you say. He may have cantankerous or belligerent disposition about Christian faith. He might want to know what you just shared with him could be verifiable or not. He may storm you with questions regarding the very existence of God and the authenticity of the Bible.

Now, you simply cannot avoid these legitimate questions when asked sincerely. Thus, your is the responsibility to present your concrete arguments and reasoning rationally what you believed is to be universally true by grounding your reasons solidly in the Scripture.

Apologetics is a discipline dedicated to the defense of something. The term “apologetics” is derived from the Greek word “apologia,” by which means “to defend” or “to make a defense“. In this sense, apologetics is the tool to give a reasoned defense for what you believe to be true, hence your faith can be attested and proved rationally.

“But sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence” 1 Peter 3:15 NASB

What is Apologetics?

According to Christian philosopher Dick Sztanyo, “Apologetics is the proclamation and defense of the gospel of Christ regardless of whenever, wherever, and by whomever it is challenged.” For this very reason, the Apostle Paul writes,“2Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction. 3For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, 4and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths.” 2 Timothy 4:2-4 NASB

The apostle Peter used apologetics to defend the empty tomb incident on the day of Pentecost. The apostle Paul used apologetics invasively and verbosely against the emerging and surging contemporary Gnosticism, mysticism, Stoicism, and whole host of mythologies of the first century BC. One of the Gospel writers, Luke wrote the gospel of Luke to defend what Christians believe and what they are all about. Jesus himself used apologetics during his earthly ministry in order to proposition who he was whom he claimed to be. Early church fathers like Ireaneus, Justin Martyr, Augustine of Hippo, and so on used apologetics. So, the term “apologetics” does not carry any negative connotations of “apologizing” for doing something wrong. In contrary, the term bears the heavy burden of intellectual vindication by defending the truth through pure rational argument with gentleness, grace, and love of Christ.