Category Archives: Ethics

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Biblical Nuggets: Supererogation


Supererogation: Moral *actions that go beyond what is required by duty, especially those actions that are commendable and indicative of superior *character. Some Protestants have been critical of the idea of supererogation on the grounds that humans never fully realize their moral duties, much less exceed them. But there is a clear sense in which certain actions—for example, deciding to donate a kidney to a stranger—go beyond what is required by duty and seem to express a high degree of moral character. See also ethics; morality.[1]

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[1] Evans, C. Stephen (2010-04-28). Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Kindle Locations 1688-1691). Intervarsity Press. Kindle Edition.

Sunday Terminology: Libertarianism


Libertarianism (metaphysical). In *ethics and *metaphysics, the view that human beings sometimes can will more than one possibility. According to this view, a person who freely made a particular choice could have chosen differently, even if nothing about the past prior to the moment of choice had been different. Libertarianism therefore rejects the *compatibilist view that *free will and *determinism are consistent. [1]

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[1] Evans, C. Stephen (2010-04-28). Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion (Kindle Locations 1024-1027). Intervarsity Press. Kindle Edition.

Saturday Quote: Peter Kreeft on Power of Language


“Euphemisms blind us to reality. Death becomes merely “passing away.” Killing unborn babies becomes “terminating pregnancy.” Copulation becomes “going to bed with.” Genocide becomes “population control.” Sin becomes “antisocial behavior.” Change the language, and you change people’s perception of reality…. Language is more than labels; language is a choice of a way of thinking and therefore of living, of existing. Our very mode of being is determined by our language.”[1]


[1] Peter Kreeft “Telling the Truth” Making Choices: Practical Wisdom for Everyday Moral Decisions (Cincinnati, OH: Servant, 1990), 139. Print.

Saturday Quote: Peter Kreeft on Moral Absolutes


“We no longer like to talk about moral laws, values, and about moral absolutes. But we do like to talk about morality, a morality without absolutes. But a morality without absolutes is not a morality at all. “Do as you please” is not morality, “do as you ought” is morality. “Do whatever you think will have the best consequences” is not morality; it is a calculation. “Do what works” is not morality, it is efficiency. Morality means something different from doing what we please, or what we calculate will turn out all right, or what works; morality means doing what we ought to do. Morality is not optional, like a “value,” but obligatory, like a law. A morality without laws and obligations is simply a confusion, like a triangle without angles.”[1]


[1] Peter Kreeft “Are There Any Moral Absolutes?” Making Choices: Practical Wisdom for Everyday Moral Decisions (Cincinnati, OH: Servant, 1990), 28. Print.