Category Archives: Scripture

Scriptures Understood as Messianic Texts and Applied them to Christ in the NT


Prasha Maharjan

Acts 4 is an account of Peter and John who were seized and brought to the Jerusalem council. Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander and the other men of high priest’s family were there to interrogate them. Some of them in the Jerusalem Council were also a group of people who were involved in crucifying Jesus. They were thus displeased that Peter and John were preaching the gospel. They demanded of Peter and John to stop preaching. However, Peter and John filled with the Holy Spirit replied that they had the authority from heaven to do so. They had a witness to testify to what they were preaching- a crippled man for forty years was miraculous healed through their prayers in the name of Jesus. Both were then released with the warning that they not preach the gospel anymore. Later, they shared all this with their people and recalled Psalm 2 “Why do the nations rage and the people plot in vain? The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against the Anointed One.”

The messianic importance of Psalm 2 was fulfillment of the scripture that King David penned down. The rulers of the earth would gather together to torture and plot against the people of God. This came true when Jesus was crucified and in the above incident as well.

In Matthew 21 is the account of Jesus entering the temple and overturning the tables. He was furious that people were using the temple of God for inferior and unholy purposes. The blind and the lame came to Jesus and he healed them in the temple. Children were exclaiming, “Hosanna to the Son of David”. At this, the chief priests and the teachers of the law were indignant and asked Jesus what all that was about. Jesus simply quoted Psalm 8:2, “From the lips of children and infants you have ordained praise because of your enemies, to silence the foe and the avenger.”

This was another prophecy about the Messiah that children and infants through their innocent faith would silence the learned and self-proclaimed holy men. It is not the proud ones who will enter the Kingdom of Heaven but the ones who have faith.

Psalm 22 has significant scriptures foreshadowing the ways the Messiah would be crucified. Throughout the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John- we see several prophetic scriptures from Psalm 22 being fulfilled. When Jesus was crucified on the cross, he exclaimed Psalm 22:1, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” King David who is a part of what Christ would be spoke these words when in despair. Similarly, there were people around him proclaiming, “He trusts in the Lord; let the Lord rescue him.” Furthermore in Luke and John, there is a clear depiction of the Jesus’ crucifixion. The enemies pierced Jesus’ hands and feet, they stared and gloated over him and also divided his garments among them and cast lots for his clothing. All these prophesy in the Psalms came to happen in the life and death of Christ so the scriptures may be fulfilled.

Psalm 45:7 recurs in Hebrews 1:8-9. The author of Hebrews is showing how Jesus is the most superior of angels. God did not call other angels ‘my son’. But God was pleased with his Son because Jesus loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God set him above his companions by anointing him with the oil of joy. Truly, Jesus was a sinless man and lived a sinless life while on earth. The messianic importance is the significance of Jesus’ holiness that sets him apart from all other angels.

Psalm 110:1 occurs in the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. All these gospels account the day when Jesus was speaking to the Pharisees in the synagogues. The Pharisees tried to trap Jesus with their smart questions. Then Jesus asked them who the son of David was and why David had written- The Lord says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” This has an importance messianic significance. Jesus was from the line of David’s genealogy. It was prophesied that the Messiah would come from David’s blood line. Yet David called the Son Lord in the Spirit. This is a powerful allusion of the equality of Christ with the Lord. He only kept those on his right hand that he highly favored. God highly favored Christ and promised to make all his enemies his footstool. Jesus, the Son of God would crush his enemies and be resurrected and be at the right hand of God.

 

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Scripture Reading: Galatians 1:1-10


Literal Translation: Galatians 1:1-10

Salutation (1-5)

Apostleship/Paul’s Authority (1-2)

1 Paul, an apostle not from men nor through man but through Jesus Christ and God, the Father, the one raising Him from the dead 2 and you (all) the brother with me, to the churches of Galatia.

Paul’s Message (3-5) : Gospel Presentation

3 Grace to you (all) and peace from God, the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 the one giving Himself for our sins, so that He might deliver us from the present evil age according to the will of our God and the Father, 5 to whom be the glory forever and ever, amen.

Denunciation (6-10)

A. Crisis in the Church – Perversion of the Gospel (6-7)

6 I wonder that you (all) are transferred/exchanged side quickly from your (pl.) calling by grace of Christ to another gospel in this manner 7 which is not another; except there are some disturbing you (all) and wanting to pervert the gospel of Christ.

B. Issues (8-9)

8 But even if we or an angel out of heaven would preach/announce a gospel opposed to the one we preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before and just now again I say if anyone to you preaches/announces a gospel opposed to the one you received, let him be accursed.

Paul’s Motive

10 For now do I comply with men or the God or do I seek to please men? If I still pleased men, then I was not a bond-servant of Christ.

-See how words are ordered in the literal translation>

Scripture Reading: John 4:34-38


My Literal Translation - Gospel according to John

John 4

34Jesus says to them, “My food is that I should do the will of the one having sent me, and I may perfect his work. 35Do you not say that it is still four months and the harvest comes? Behold, I say to you, Lift up your eyes and see the fields, for they are white for harvest already. 36And the one harvesting receives a wage, and gathers fruit unto eternal life; that also the one sowing may rejoice together also with the one harvesting. 37For in this the word is true that another is the one sowing, and another is the one harvesting. 38I sent you to harvest what you have not tired in; others have tired, and you have entered into their toil.”

Scripture Reading: John 3:16-21


ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3:16-21

1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU)

16ουτως γαρ ηγαπησεν ο θεος τον κοσμον ωστε τον υιον τον μονογενη εδωκεν ινα πας ο πιστευων εις αυτον μη αποληται αλλ εχη ζωην αιωνιον

For God so loved the world that [3the Son 2His only begotten 1He gave] so that everyone believing in him should not perish but have eternal life

17ου γαρ απεστειλεν ο θεος τον υιον εις τον κοσμον ινα κρινη τον κοσμον αλλ ινα σωθη ο κοσμος δι αυτου

[2did not 1for God 3send the Son] in the world that he might judge the world but that [2might be saved 1the world 3through him]

18ο πιστευων εις αυτον ου κρινεται ο μη πιστευων ηδη κεκριται οτι μη πεπιστευκεν εις το ονομα του μονογενους υιου του θεου

the one believing in him is not judged; the one not believing already has been judged because not he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God

19αυτη δε εστιν η κρισις οτι το φως εληλυθεν εις τον κοσμον και ηγαπησαν οι ανθρωποι μαλλον το σκοτος η το φως ην γαρ αυτων πονηρα τα εργα

and this is the judgment: that the light has come into the world and [2loved 1{the} men] more the darkness than the light;  [was for the works of them were evil.

20πας γαρ ο φαυλα πρασσων μισει το φως και ουκ ερχεται προς το φως ινα μη ελεγχθη τα εργα αυτου

for everyone practicing/acting the foul deeds hates the light, and does not come to the Light so that [2might not 3be admonished/reproved 1the works of his]

21ο δε ποιων την αληθειαν ερχεται προς το φως ινα φανερωθη αυτου τα εργα οτι εν θεω εστιν ειργασμενα

but the one doing the truth comes to the Light that [2might be revealed 1of his the works] that [2in God 1have been wrought].

The Gospel of John 3:16-21 [Literal Translation]

16For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten the Son so that everyone believing in him should not perish but have eternal life. 17For God did not send the Son in the world that he might judge the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. 18The one believing in him is not judged; the one not believing already has been judged because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19And this is the judgment: that the Light has come into the world and the men loved  the darkness more than the Light because the works of them were evil. 20For everyone practicing/acting the foul deeds hates the Light, and does not come to the Light so that the works of his might not be admonished. 21But the one doing the truth comes to the Light that the works of his might be revealed that have been wrought in God.

Scripture Reading: John 3:9-15


ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3 (SBL Greek New Testament)

9 ἀπεκρίθη Νικόδημος καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· Πῶς δύναται ταῦτα γενέσθαι; 10 ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· Σὺ εἶ ὁ διδάσκαλος τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ καὶ ταῦτα οὐ γινώσκεις; 11 ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω σοι ὅτι ὃ οἴδαμεν λαλοῦμεν καὶ ὃ ἑωράκαμεν μαρτυροῦμεν, καὶ τὴν μαρτυρίαν ἡμῶν οὐ λαμβάνετε. 12 εἰ τὰ ἐπίγεια εἶπον ὑμῖν καὶ οὐ πιστεύετε, πῶς ἐὰν εἴπω ὑμῖν τὰ ἐπουράνια πιστεύσετε; 13 καὶ οὐδεὶς ἀναβέβηκεν εἰς τὸν οὐρανὸν εἰ μὴ ὁ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβάς, ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ [e]ἀνθρώπου. 14 καὶ καθὼς Μωϋσῆς ὕψωσεν τὸν ὄφιν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ, οὕτως ὑψωθῆναι δεῖ τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου, 15 ἵνα πᾶς ὁ πιστεύων [f]ἐν αὐτῷ ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον.

The Gospel of John 3

Literal Translation

9 Nicodemus answered and said to him; “How are able these things to be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “You are the teacher of the Israel and these things you know not? 11 Truly truly I say to you that what we know we do know, and what we have seen, we testify, and you (all) do not receive our testimony. 12 If the earthly things I said to you (all) and you (all) do not believe, how then if I would say to you (all) the heavenly things you (all) believe? 13 And no one has ascended into the heaven except the One (He) having descended out of the heaven, the Son of Man. 14 And just as Moses lifted up the serpent high in the wilderness, so is it necessary the Son of Man to be lifted up high, 15 so that everyone believing in him may have eternal life.”

Footnotes:

[e]. ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3:13 ἀνθρώπου WH NIV ] + ὁ ὢν ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ Treg RP

[f] ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3:15 ἐν αὐτῷ WH Treg NIV ] εἰς αὐτὸν μὴ ἀπόληται ἀλλ᾽ RP