Nietzsche’s Perspective: Rejection of All Objective Values


Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875).
Friedrich Nietsche (sekitar 1875). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

As the world is advancing in this millennium, the words of German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche – “God is dead” – are still echoing louder than ever before in the history of our time. This statement has been notably his widely known and esteemed remark on religions, especially organized and rational religion such as Christianity. His blatant pronouncement of death of God necessarily does not reflect literal sense of God as a living being once lived and died; however, he meant Christian God to be dead. When God is dead, all the universal ethical moral values of human life and the objective truth of the universe also follows suit which leaves a man to replace God in order to become god himself.

In my paper, I am going to argue how the pronouncement of death of God leads us to Nietzsche’s philosophical perspectivism. What many people have understood Nietzsche’s proclamation is not based on his philosophical investigation. Rather he was merely positing the cultural fact of his time. In fact, the assertion came out from the cultural perspective in the great wake of decline of Western Civilization, so it “must be understood from the viewpoint of his own life and that of the culture at large”.[1] Nevertheless, the statement has immense impact on human mind and society and hence has already done enormous damage to the religious conviction of people. So, its influence and impact cannot be simply overlooked whatsoever.

In the meantime, the classical Greek culture and secularization was also dominantly saturating the entire horizon of European Christian society. They were going through deep spiritual crisis.[2] The essence of the remark, however, has invoked the moral framework of the universe while “killing God”.  In the metaphysical sense, the end result of this remark cancels the normative description of absolute values and morality intrinsically which is transcendental and also governs the humankind. He challenges Christianity through his derogative observational statement, stating that Christian ideas are far from reality.[3] This marks the end of Metaphysics as the discipline of philosophy in the modern era.

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